How to make trance music

How to Make Trance Music? Comprehensive Guide

Estimated reading time: 18 minutes

Ever tapped your foot to a pulsating trance beat and thought, “how to make trance music?” Well, with the right equipment, software, and a sprinkle of creativity, it’s a rhythmic ride you can master. Stay tuned, we’re about to unveil the mystifying art of trance production!

Have you ever tapped your foot to a pulsating trance beat and thought, “How do I make trance music?” That’s what we’re here for. This article aims to demystify the art of trance music production. So buckle up and let’s take this sonic journey.

What Makes Trance Music Unique

Trance music, much like its name, is all about creating a hypnotic, mesmerizing experience. Its uniqueness lies in its repetitive yet progressive melody lines, atmospheric breakdowns, and punchy kick drums. The best trance music takes the listener on an emotional rollercoaster, combining elements of euphoria and melancholy with a heavy dose of energy. There are several subgenres within trance, including psytrance, progressive trance, and uplifting trance, each with its own distinct characteristics. In the following article we will go into more detail about what is trance music.

Essential equipment for trance music production

Before you start creating your epic trance anthem, you need the right tools. Making trance music can be as simple as owning a laptop and a pair of headphones, but as you progress, you may want to consider investing in synthesizers, MIDI controllers, studio monitors, and audio interfaces.

The role each piece of equipment plays

To understand the role each piece of equipment plays, let’s take a closer look:

  • Laptop/Computer: The first and most important piece of equipment is a powerful computer or laptop. It serves as the brain of your operation, housing your DAW and all your digital instruments and effects. You’ll want a machine with a robust processor, plenty of RAM, and enough storage space to run your music production software efficiently.
  • Headphones/Studio Monitors: A good pair of headphones or studio monitors are essential for hearing your creation in its purest form. For headphones, consider models designed for studio use that prioritize clarity and flat frequency response over enhanced bass or treble. Similarly, studio monitors provide an accurate sonic representation that is essential for mixing and mastering.
  • MIDI controllers: MIDI controllers, such as keyboards or drum pads, can be a great asset. They allow you to physically play your virtual instruments, providing a more tactile and musical experience. From compact 25-key models to full 88-key digital pianos, there are options for every budget and space requirement.
  • Synthesizers: While not a necessity, hardware synthesizers can add a new layer of depth to your trance music. They offer a hands-on approach to sound creation, and often offer unique characteristics that software synths find difficult to emulate.
  • Audio Interface: An audio interface is essential if you’re planning to record vocals or instruments, or if you want to connect studio monitors. It acts as a bridge between your computer and your equipment, converting digital audio signals to analog (and vice versa) for high-quality sound.
  • Microphone: If you plan to incorporate recorded vocals or acoustic instruments into your trance music, a good studio microphone would be a valuable addition to your setup.

You can start with basic equipment

Remember, the wizard is more important than the wand – it’s all about how you use your gear. Don’t rush out and buy the most expensive gear; you can make great music with basic equipment. As your skills grow, your gear can evolve with you. Happy gear hunting!

Best software for making trance music

Digital audio workstations (DAWs) are at the heart of trance music production. These software platforms not only allow you to record and edit audio, but also offer a suite of tools for creating and manipulating sounds. Let’s explore some of the best DAW options for making trance music:

  • Ableton Live: A favorite among electronic music producers, Ableton Live shines with its unique clip-based approach to composition and a vast array of built-in instruments and effects. It’s perfect for creating the complex, evolving arrangements typical of trance music.
  • FL Studio: FL Studio is praised for its intuitive interface and powerful piano roll editor. It offers a robust suite of native plug-ins and a lifetime of free updates. Its step sequencer and loop-based workflow make it ideal for building trance beats and sequences.
  • Logic Pro X: Exclusive to Mac users, Logic Pro X is a full-featured DAW with a collection of amazing software instruments, effects, and samples. Its advanced features, such as the Alchemy synth and Space Designer reverb, can contribute greatly to the lush soundscapes that characterize trance music.
  • Cubase: Used by many professional producers, Cubase offers a balance of traditional recording features and advanced MIDI tools. It’s equipped with a wide range of instruments and effects that can help with the detailed construction of trance tracks.
  • Reason: Known for its visually intuitive design that emulates a physical rack of hardware, Reason is ideal for those who appreciate a hands-on approach. Its extensive sound library and unique instruments can add depth and character to your trance music.

Additional software tools

In addition to your DAW, you may want to explore additional software tools such as software synthesizers (VSTs) and effect plug-ins. Some popular choices among trance producers are Serum, Sylenth1, and Massive for synthesizers, and FabFilter, iZotope, and Waves for effect plug-ins.

Each DAW has its strengths, so consider your personal needs and budget when choosing. Remember, it’s not about having the “best” software; it’s about mastering the tools you have to express your musical vision. So choose your digital playground and start creating!

Understanding the structure of trance music

Making trance music is like building a sonic skyscraper. It requires a strong foundation, carefully crafted layers, and a towering, awe-inspiring top. The process involves understanding how to layer sounds, build tension, and create a sense of journey within your track. Let’s break down the structure that trance tracks typically follow.

The typical structure of trance music

  • Introduction: This is where you set the stage. You typically start with a kick drum and gradually introduce elements such as a subdued bass line or atmospheric pads. The intro sets the tone and energy level of your track.
  • Build-Up/Verse: After the intro, you start adding more elements to increase the energy and tension. You can add percussion, introduce new melodic elements, or develop your existing ones. The goal here is to move the track forward and lead the listener to the breakdown.
  • Breakdown: This is the heart and soul of a trance track. It’s where you remove the drums, let your melodies and harmonies take center stage, and create an emotional or atmospheric space. Trance breakdowns often use lush pads, emotive chord progressions, and ethereal vocals or samples. The breakdown builds anticipation and leads to the climax or drop.
  • Build-Up 2: This is the suspenseful build-up leading up to the climax of your track. Here you can bring back some of the percussive elements, start to reintroduce the kick drum with a low pass filter, and use risers and snare rolls to build tension.
  • Drop/Climax: The drop is the energetic climax of your track. It’s where the kick drum returns in full force, often accompanied by an energetic melody or a powerful, driving bass line. In many trance tracks, the main melodic theme introduced in the breakdown is brought back, resulting in an explosion of energy.
  • Outro: After the drop, the energy gradually dissipates and you begin to remove elements until you’re left with a stripped-down version of your track. This makes it easier for DJs to transition to the next song in a mix.

The integral role in trance music

Melody and harmony play an integral role in trance music, which is typically characterized by modulating synthesizer sounds and lush, extended chord progressions. Remember, though, that while this structure is a guide, it’s not a hard and fast rule. Feel free to experiment, and above all, serve the story your track is trying to tell. Trance is about progression and journey, so take your time building your elements and let your track evolve.

Creating your first trance music track

Feeling the excitement of creating your very first trance music track? Here are the steps you can follow to turn your ideas into sonic reality. Remember, your first track doesn’t have to be perfect; it’s a learning experience.

The core elements

  • Set your beat: Trance music typically revolves around a 4/4 kick drum pattern at a tempo of 128 to 140 BPM. Lay down a kick drum to establish the backbone of your track.
  • Create a bassline: Next, you’ll need a bass line. It often syncopates with your kick drum and provides groove and drive. Consider using a rolling bassline, a common approach in trance where the bass note changes rhythmically with each beat of the bar.
  • Design your lead synth sound: Now comes the part where you create the signature trance synth. This is usually a highly modulated sound, thick in texture and often with a lot of movement. You can create this using software synths in your DAW or any external synths you have. For all sounds, no matter if basses or lead synths, trance samples are perfectly suitable in addition to hardware and software synths.
  • Layer atmospheric pads: Pads provide an atmospheric backdrop to your track. They fill out the mix, provide sonic context, and enhance the emotional impact of your track. Pad sounds you can get from hardware and software synths or you can also use trance pad samples.

The arrangement

  • Arrange Your Elements: With your core elements in place, it’s time to arrange your track. Start with an intro, build to a breakdown, and then release the tension with a drop. Remember the structure we discussed earlier and apply it to your track.
  • Create your Breakdown, Buildup and Drop sections: The breakdown is where you can really showcase your melodic ideas. Design your buildup to build tension and anticipation, then let it all explode into your high-energy drop.
  • Add Effects: Finally, apply effects like reverb and delay to your tracks to create a sense of space and depth. Be careful not to overdo it; the key is to enhance your sounds, not drown them.
  • Mix your track: Make sure every element has its place in the mix. Use tools like EQ, compression, and panning to balance your sounds and ensure that no single element overpowers the others.

Remember that making music is an iterative process. Don’t stress if your first track doesn’t live up to your expectations. Learn from each attempt, and over time you’ll see your skills and musicality develop. Happy producing!

Advanced Trance Music Techniques

Once you’ve mastered the basics of trance music production, it’s time to explore some advanced techniques. These will help you add depth, complexity, and a professional polish to your tracks.

Advanced producing

  • Layering Synths: Layering multiple synth sounds can add depth and richness to your lead or pad sounds. For example, you could combine a synth with a bright, sharp timbre for presence and clarity with another synth with a warm, rich tone for body and depth.
  • Sidechain Compression: This technique is used extensively in electronic music to allow the kick drum to “punch through” the mix. By applying sidechain compression to your bassline and pad sounds, they will “duck” or decrease in volume each time the kick drum hits, creating a rhythmic “pumping” effect.
  • Advanced Sound Design: Consider learning how to design your own synth sounds from scratch. With plug-ins like Serum and Sylenth1, you can create and modify complex wavetables and tweak every parameter of your sound to make it unique.
  • Arpeggiation: Using an arpeggiator can add movement and rhythmic interest to your tracks. Arpeggiators cycle through the notes of a chord in a specific order or pattern, creating a running, trance-like sequence that can serve as the backdrop for your track. For the beginning you can also use ready-made trance arpeggios samples.
  • Parameter Automation: Automation can add a sense of evolution and progression to your track. You can automate parameters such as filter cutoffs, reverb amount, and delay feedback to gradually change the sound over time.

Advanced mixing and mastering

  • Advanced mixing techniques: Explore techniques such as mid-side EQing, multiband compression, and stereo imaging. These can give you more control over your mix and help you create a more balanced and professional-sounding track.
  • Mastering: Finally, mastering is the final step in making sure your track sounds cohesive and polished. It involves making subtle adjustments to your track’s EQ, compression, and limiting. Mastering can be complex, which is why many producers choose to hire a professional mastering engineer. However, there are many resources available if you want to learn and do it yourself.

Refine your skills

By exploring these advanced techniques, you can continually refine your skills and develop a unique sound. Remember, it takes time and practice to master these techniques, so be patient with yourself and enjoy the process. Happy producing!

The art of mixing and mastering trance music

So you’ve written an incredible trance track, complete with a driving bassline, hypnotic synths and an unforgettable melody. What’s next? Welcome to the world of mixing and mastering, where good tracks become great ones. Let’s dive into this crucial part of the music production process.


Mixing is the stage where you make sure each element of your track is heard clearly and together. Here are a few key steps:

  • Balance your levels: Start by adjusting the volume levels of your tracks. The goal is to make sure that no one instrument overpowers the others. Your kick drum is usually the anchor point.
  • Use EQ: Equalization helps create a unique “space” for each instrument in the frequency spectrum. It helps reduce clashing frequencies and can make your mix sound clear and balanced.
  • Apply compression: Compression can help control the dynamics of your tracks, making sure nothing is too loud or too quiet. It’s especially useful on elements like the kick drum or bass line, helping them maintain a consistent level.
  • Add depth with reverb and delay: These effects can add a sense of space to your mix. They’re especially useful in trance music, as they can add the “ethereal” quality often associated with the genre.
  • Pan your elements: Panning can add a sense of width to your mix. While your kick and bass usually stay centered, other elements can be panned to the left or right to create a stereo image.


Mastering is the final step in music production. It’s the process of preparing your mixed track for distribution, ensuring it sounds balanced and consistent across all playback systems.

  • Ensure overall EQ balance: Use an equalizer to tweak the overall frequency balance of your track, usually making small adjustments to fix problems left over from the mix.
  • Apply compression: Applying a gentle amount of compression can help glue your mix together and ensure consistent dynamics.
  • Limiting your track: A limiter helps ensure that your track is loud enough to compete with other commercial releases without clipping or distorting.
  • Check Mono Compatibility: Many club systems play music in mono, so check your track in mono to make sure all elements are heard clearly.
  • Reference your master: Compare your master to professional tracks in the same genre. This can help you determine if your track is ready for release.

Mixing and mastering is a complex art

Remember that mixing and mastering is a complex art that takes time and practice to master. There are many resources available online to help you develop these skills, but don’t be afraid to seek professional help if you need it. The goal is to present your music in the best possible light. Happy producing!

1. Establish Your BeatStart with a 4/4 kick drum pattern at a tempo between 128 to 140 BPM
2. Create a BasslineUse a syncopated bassline that harmonizes with your kick drum
3. Design Your Lead Synth SoundCreate a modulated, textured sound using software synths or external synthesizers
4. Layer Atmospheric PadsAdd pads for an atmospheric backdrop and to enhance the emotional impact of your track
5. Arrange Your ElementsBegin with an intro, build up to a breakdown, then release the tension with a drop
6. Create Breakdown, Buildup, and DropShowcase your melodies during the breakdown, build tension, and then release it with a high-energy drop
7. Add EffectsApply effects like reverb and delay to create a sense of space and depth
8. Mix Your TrackBalance your sounds using EQ, compression, and panning
9. Master Your TrackApply final touches like overall EQ balance, compression, and limiting for a polished track
How to make trance music?

Building Your Trance Music Portfolio

Now that you’re making trance music, it’s time to show it off to the world. Building a portfolio will help you track your progress and gain exposure. Start by creating a SoundCloud or Bandcamp profile and uploading your tracks. Consider creating a website or social media page dedicated to your music. Connect with other producers, join communities, and enter remix contests. Remember, it’s all about expressing your unique voice and connecting with listeners who resonate with it.


Making trance music can be an exciting journey. It’s a blend of technical skill, creativity, and passion. Remember to be patient with yourself, practice regularly, and most importantly, enjoy the process. This guide should serve as a roadmap, but don’t be afraid to take detours and discover your own path. Happy producing!


Is it hard to make trance music?

Creating trance music can be challenging as it requires technical skills and a sense of musicality. However, with practice, patience and passion, anyone can learn to produce compelling trance tracks.

What equipment do I need to make trance music?

You need a digital audio workstation (DAW), a good pair of headphones or studio monitors, a MIDI keyboard for entering melodies and chords, and plug-ins for synthesizers and effects.

What makes a trance song?

Trance music is characterized by an atmospheric, uplifting sound, a steady 4/4 beat, a tempo typically between 128-140 BPM, and a structure that includes a buildup, a breakdown, and a climactic drop.

What are the keys to trance music?

The keys to trance music are a strong rhythmic foundation, emotive melodies, atmospheric elements, and a carefully structured arrangement that builds tension and release.

What tempo is trance?

Trance typically operates at a tempo between 128 and 140 beats per minute (BPM), creating its signature energetic yet hypnotic rhythm.